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SABER: Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry
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.:: The SABER Instrument ::.


The SABER Mission .. Mission Goals .. Mission Objectives ..
Scientific Rationale .. The SABER Team .. Partner Organizations

.:: The SABER Mission
Understanding current atmospheric processes will enable more accurate prediction of future changes in order to assess the consequences as well as suggest corrective solutions for society. The NASA instrument called SABER will allow researchers to learn more about the upper atmosphere by helping produce the first comprehensive global measurements of Earth's upper atmosphere (60 to 100 km range - upper mesosphere & ionosphere). It is one of four instruments on the TIMED (Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere, Energetics and Dynamics) spacecraft. SABER will view & measure the vertical distribution of infrared radiation emitted by various atmospheric gases (ozone, water vapor, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide) & provide measurements of the temperature and chemical structure of the atmospheric limb adding important information to what is known as the radiation budget.

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.:: Mission Goals
1) To understand the influence of the Sun and lower atmospheric weather on Earth's upper atmosphere.
.........Short-term variability caused by the sun from above and the weather from below.

2) To understand the influence of human activities on Earth's atmosphere.
.........Long-term variability caused by human activities from below.

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.:: Mission Objectives
1) To Determine the MLTI Basic Structure:
To determine the temperature, density, and wind structure in the Mesosphere, Lower thermosphere, and Ionosphere (MLTI) region (60-180 km), including the seasonal and latitudinal variations;

2) To understand the MLTI Energy Balance:
To determine the relative importance of the various radiative, chemical, electrodynamical, and dynamical sources and sinks of energy for the thermal structure of the MLTI region.

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.:: Scientific Rationale
"The Earth's mesosphere and lower thermosphere are the least explored region on the Earth's atmosphere. They are influenced by varying solar extreme ultraviolet, ultraviolet, and X-ray radiation, auroral particles and fields, and upward propagating waves and tides from the lower atmosphere.... It is known that the global structure of this region of the atmosphere can be perturbed during stratospheric warmings and solar-terrestrial events (magnetospheric substorms, solar flares), but the overall structure and dynamics responses of these effects...are not understood."
.........Space Science in the Twenty-First Century: Imperative for the Decades 1995-2015, The National Academy of Science, 1988

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.:: The SABER Team
Principal Investigator
James M. Russell III, Hampton University

Associate Principal Investigator
Martin G. Mlynczak, NASA Langley Research Center

Raymond G. Roble, National Center for Atmospheric Research
Rolando R. Garcia, National Center for Atmospheric Research
Ellis E. Remsberg, NASA Langley Research Center
Susan Solomon, NOAA Aeronomy Laboratory
Doran J. Baker, Utah Sate University
Patrick J. Espy, Utah Sate University
Manuel Lopez-Puertas, IAA, Spain
Richard H. Picard, Phillips Laboratory
Larry L. Gordley, G & A Technical Software
David E. Siskind, Naval Research Laboratory
James C. Ulwick, Stewart Radiance Laboratory

Project Management
James B. Miller, NASA Langley Research Center
Lorin J. Zollinger, SDL/Utah State University

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.:: Partner Organizations
SABER is a partnership between Hampton University, G & A Technical Software, Inc., Utah State University's Space Dynamics Laboratory, and NASA's Langley Research Center.

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Related Links:

.:: SABER Data, Images, & Animations

.:: SABER Goals, Objectives, etc.

.:: Space Dynamics Laboratory/
Langley Information

.:: TIMED Mission Instrumentation (SABER): JHUAPL Fact Sheet

Text Version (more facts)

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NASA's Sun-Earth Education Forum Logo

Hampton University is responsible for the Education
and Public Outreach programs for the SABER mission.
The TIMED/SABER mission is a part of
NASA's Sun-Earth Connection Education Forum.

Web Curator: Emily Hill
Last Modified: August 5, 2004
Emily Hill

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